An introduction to the history and geography of switzerland

They settled where the soil was easy to cultivate and the climate not to cold especially in winter. Between andthe German Reichsbank sold 1. To address this congestion, in Swiss voters approved the construction of a massive mile km rail tunnel beneath the existing St.

Generally speaking, spring is wet and cool, April is well known for fast and often changing weather conditions. At the battle of Sempachthe Swiss defeated the Habsburgs, gaining increased autonomy within the Holy Roman Empire.

Weekends are especially bad.

A Short History of Switzerland

All mercenaries were killed. It is also clear that accepting gold from the Nazis while knowing they stole it from murdered jews was a big mistake.

Switzerland relied on trade for half of its food and essentially all of its fuel, but controlled vital trans-alpine rail tunnels between Germany and Italy. Two effects of this popular involvement are evident: Swiss taxes are rather low by European standards, because voters are able to review and approve a broad range of expenditures, and political decision making tends to be slow, because contending individual claims and opinions must be allowed to be expressed at every step.

The limestone rock in the Jura is a Jurassic period rock with numerous fossils and dinosaur tracks. The Swiss defeated the Swabian League in and gained greater collective autonomy within the Holy Roman Empire, including exemption from the Imperial reforms of and immunity from most Imperial courts.

So did the roads crossing the Alps. Sonderbund War and Switzerland as a federal state Religious geography in orange: In the Alaman-controlled region, only isolated Christian communities continued to exist and Irish monks re-introduced the Christian faith in the early 7th century.

Monasteries were also leading in agricultural progress e. The Lion Monument in Lucerne reminds of the infamous end of the once formidable Swiss military force.

History of Switzerland

Before you hit the road, check the local road conditions online. When Renaissance scholars discovered ancient handwritings of the Bible in the original Greek instead of the Latin language and began to study them as well as early comments by bishop Augustine A. They rather infiltrated in small groups, cleared woodland and erected their own small villages.

Nearly half the women worked in the textile mills, with household servants the second largest job category. Monasteries were founded by kings and noblemen for political, social and religious purposes power politics, bad conscience and fear of supernatural powers, public relations and placement for children.

Thanks to Henri Dufour, general of the liberal troops, it lasted only a few days and cost only 86 dead and some wounded soldiers.

Introduction to World Geography

For example, air-pollution emissions in Switzerland are among the lowest in industrialized countries. For example, on weekends during the peak summer tourist season, cars and trucks were often backed up some 10 to 15 miles 16 to 25 km. While the original Celtic population kept up at least parts of their culture in some parts of France, Spain, Ireland and Great Britain, the original Celtic population in Switzerland completely melted with the newcomers in the course of the centuries.

Skilled craftsmen specialized in production of high quality goods and trade became more important. The Forest Cantons thus lost their independent status and were governed by reeves.


In the west, there is a strong influence of the Atlantic ocean. Numerous attempts of reforms within the system e. Most of the territory of Unterwalden at this time belonged to monasteries which had previously become reichsfrei.

Of these, 26, to 27, were Jews. The counts of Habsburg tried to reach their goals by military force but were defeated several times and finally had to leave their native castle in Switzerland, while they were strong enough at the same time to gain the German kingdom from their new seat in Austria.

At the same time, people from the upper part of canton Wallis developed means to suspend wooden water pipes and catwalks in steep rocks. Age of the Romans When the Helvetians attempted to move south to Southern France they were stopped by the Roman commander and subsequent emperor C.

Restoration and Regeneration[ edit ] Main article: Aspects of both have become bywords for the country, whose very name conjures images of the glacier-carved Alps beloved of writers, artists, photographers, and outdoor sports enthusiasts from around the world.

Switzerland in the Napoleonic era and Helvetic Republic During the French Revolutionary Warsthe French army invaded Switzerland and turned it into an ally known as the " Helvetic Republic " — The share of women in the workforce was higher between and than it was in the late s and s.

Order of accession of the cantons[ edit ]. The Age of Enlightment Science, economy, philosophy and arts had all set out for new shores.A Short History of Switzerland. Switzerland is a small country (41, km² = 15, square miles), but densely populated (7 million inhabitants, per km² = per, situated in the heart of western Europe.

It shares much of its history and of its culture with. Switzerland is a landlocked country in Central Europe. Neighboring countries include Austria, France, Italy, Liechtenstein, and Germany.

The geography of Switzerland is mostly mountains (Alps in south, Jura in northwest) with a central plateau of rolling hills, plains, and large lakes. The geography of Switzerland encompasses the geographical features of Switzerland, a mountainous and landlocked country located in Western and Central Europe.

Geography of Switzerland

It is surrounded by 5 countries: Austria and Liechtenstein to the east, France to the west, Italy to the south and Germany to the north. Geography Introduction Bundle This geography introduction bundle includes presentations on location, maps and globes, time zones, and an introduction to social studies/geography.

Also included is a simple ten question worksheet that goes with the time zone lesson and worksheets on thematic maps that can be used with the maps and4/5(9). Switzerland borders France in the West, Germany in the north, Austria and the principality of Liechtenstein in the east and Italy in the south.

Mountains Breathtaking views lie all around from the summits of the Swiss mountains. The history of Switzerland since has been largely one of success and prosperity.

Industrialisation transformed the traditionally agricultural economy, and Swiss neutrality during the World Wars and the success of the banking industry furthered the ascent of Switzerland to its status as one of the world's most stable economies.

An introduction to the history and geography of switzerland
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