The Sanskrit language brought Indic people together, particularly its elite scholars. The century in which he lived is unclear and debated, but his work is generally accepted to be from sometime between 6th and 4th centuries BCE.
The purifying structure of the Sanskrit language removes these imperfections. Discovered on clay tablets of central Turkey in cuneiform script, it possesses some highly archaic features found only fragmentarily, if at all, in other languages.
Some of the canonical fragments of the early Buddhist traditions, discovered in the 20th-century, suggest the early Buddhist traditions did use of imperfect and reasonably good Sanskrit, sometimes with a Pali syntax, states Renou. There is a similar reason, though not quite so forcible, for supposing that both the Gothick and the Celtick [sic], though blended with a very different idiom, had the same origin with the Sanscrit; and the Old Persian might be added to the same family.
Secondly, they state that the textual evidence in the works of Yaksa, Panini and Patanajali affirms that the Classical Sanskrit in their era was a language that is spoken bhasha by the cultured and educated.
A section of Western scholars state that Sanskrit was never a spoken language, while others and particularly most Indian scholars state the opposite. For example, unlike the Sanskrit similes in the Rigveda, the Old Avestan Gathas lack simile entirely, and it is rare in the later version of the language.
A part of the difficulty is the lack of sufficient textual, archaeological and epigraphical evidence for the ancient Prakrit languages with rare exceptions such as Pali, leading to a tendency of anachronistic errors.
They state that there is no evidence for this and whatever evidence is available suggests that by the start of the common era, hardly anybody other than learned monks had the capacity to understand the old Prakrit languages such as Ardhamagadhi.
Sanskrit remains an integral part of Hindu journals, festivals, Ramlila plays, drama, rituals and the rites-of-passage. Evidence for such a theory includes the close relationship between the Indo-Iranian tongues and the Baltic and Slavic languagesvocabulary exchange with the non-Indo-European Uralic languagesand the nature of the attested Indo-European words for flora and fauna.
This contrasted with the previous 1, years when "great experiments in moral and aesthetic imagination" marked the Indian scholarship using Classical Sanskrit, states Pollock.
No written records from such an early period survive if they ever existed. Sound and oral transmission were highly valued quality in ancient India, and its sages refined the alphabet, the structure of words and its exacting grammar into a "collection of sounds, a kind of sublime musical mold", states Biderman, as an integral language they called Sanskrit.
According to Renou, this implies that the Vedic Sanskrit language had a "set linguistic pattern" by the second half of the 2nd-millennium BCE. Once in ancient India, the Indo-Aryan language underwent rapid linguistic change and morphed into the Vedic Sanskrit language.
Colonial era scholars questioned whether Sanskrit was ever a spoken language, or was it only a literary language? More important to the Indo-European studies is Ancient Greek, documented extensively beginning with the two Homeric poems the Iliad and the Odysseyc.
It is a special, timeless language that lives in the numerous manuscripts, daily chants and ceremonial recitations, a heritage language that Indians contextually prize and some practice. It has been the means of transmitting the "profound wisdom of Buddhist philosophy" to Tibet.
Centres in VaranasiPaithanPune and Kanchipuram were centers of classical Sanskrit learning and public debates until the arrival of the colonial era.
Patanjali acknowledged that Prakrit is the first language, one instinctively adopted by every child with all its imperfections and later leads to the problems of interpretation and misunderstanding. Namisadhu stated that the Prakrit language was the purvam came before, origin and they came naturally to women and children, that Sanskrit was a refinement of the Prakrit through a "purification by grammar".
Rituals and the rites-of-passage ceremonies have been and continue to be the other occasions where a wide spectrum of people hear Sanskrit, and occasionally join in to speak some Sanskrit words such as "namah".
This work has been translated by Jagbans Balbir. The early Jain scholar Namisadhu acknowledged the difference, but disagreed that the Prakrit language was a corruption of Sanskrit.
As the Indian thought diversified and challenged earlier beliefs of Hinduism, particularly in the form of Buddhism and Jainism, the Prakrit languages such as Pali in Theravada Buddhism and Ardhamagadhi in Jainism competed with Sanskrit in the ancient times.
The early Sanskrit grammarian Dandin states, for example, that much in the Prakrit languages is etymologically rooted in Sanskrit but involve "loss of sounds" and corruptions that result from a "disregard of the grammar".
It provides a terminus ad quem to the presence of Hinduism in the Indonesian islands. At the same time, however, it appears to have undergone a large number of early phonological and grammatical changes along with the ambiguities of its writing system.
However, scholars such as Dundas have questioned this hypothesis. The geographical spread of the Indo-European languages, with Sanskrit in the Indian subcontinent.
Some sutras expound upon the variant forms of spoken Sanskrit versus written Sanskrit. Hanneder disagrees with Pollock, finding his arguments elegant but "often arbitrary". Jamison and Joel P. The Prakrit languages of India also have ancient roots and some Sanskrit scholars have called these Apabhramsa, literally "spoiled".
In Tibetan Buddhism, states the Dalai Lama, Sanskrit language has been a revered one and called legjar lhai-ka or "elegant language of the gods". Etymology and nomenclature[ edit ] Historic Sanskrit manuscripts: A closer look at Sanskrit in the Indian history after the 12th-century suggests that Sanskrit survived despite the odds.
According to Michael Witzel, Vedic Sanskrit was a spoken language of the semi-nomadic Aryas who temporarily settled in one place, maintained cattle herds, practiced limited agriculture and after some time moved by wagon train they called grama.Sanskrit (/ ˈ s æ n s k r ɪ t /; IAST: Saṃskṛtam [sə̃skr̩t̪əm], Sanskrit: संस्कृतम्) is a language of ancient India with a documented oral and later written history of over 3, years.
It is the primary liturgical language of Hinduism; the predominant language of most works of Hindu philosophy as well as some of the principal texts of Buddhism and. May 01, · Ipe Sanskrit and English question papers of ASHEER MOGAL ALL INTERMEDIATE ENGLISH GRAMMAR YOU NEED in 30 MINUTES.
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