Gas Condensate Field A field consisting of one or more reservoirs containing a mixture of gases at reservoir temperature and pressure, but which at normal temperature and pressure separates out into natural gas and Condensates.
Sometimes built where individual fields are not big enough to justify investment in separate pipelines and processing plant.
An alternative name for a Delivered contract is Ex Ship. Concession A license awarded either by a Government or State Oil company. Firm Gas Gas which a supplier commits to supply to a purchaser under terms defined in the contract, without interruption. This volume will normally vary considerably over the life of the field.
In such reservoirs there is no Water Drive. See also Middle Distillate Synthesis. May also be used to denote the feedstock used to produce electricity, but statistical summaries of gas consumption normally distinguish this use from chemical feedstock uses.
In a common carriage system all applicants for capacity for instance in a pipeline or store are given access on equal terms. Gas Cap In a field where oil is saturated with gas, so that it can dissolve no more, some gas will collect at the top of the reservoir, where it is known as cap gas, and forms a gas cap.
This may be important for fiscal or legal reasons. See also Limited Access.
Then the hot exhaust gases pass through a heat exchanger to raise steam for a secondary steam turbine unit. Cushion Gas may finally be used when the store is decommissioned.
Often used interchangeably with Capacity Charge although it can be argued that in strict logic Demand Charge should apply to a gas sale and Capacity Charge to a transportation arrangement.
Gas Cycling or Re-Cycling A process in which produced gas is re-injected into the reservoir after removal of the condensate. Gas Day A period of 24 hours starting and ending at a stated time often hours.
If the total volume requested exceeds available capacity, the usage of all parties is reduced pro rata: It may serve as a means of expressing the Annual Contract Quantity if the latter is expressed as a number of days multiplied by the DCQ.
Excess Gas Excess Gas is either: Derivatives Derivatives are financial instruments ultimately based on trading a physical commodity, including gas and other forms of energy. Prices converge when there is no benefit in switching.
Flaring The process of burning unwanted natural gas or oil. Marketers are also major users of transportation capacity. See also Dedication Contract and Supply Contract.
Crude is the raw material which is refined into gasoline, heating oil, jet fuel, propane, petrochemicals, and other products. Normally the Contractor operates at its own risk and, if no hydrocarbons are discovered, the costs are entirely for its account. Widely used for power generation.
Typical units are barrels of condensate per million cubic feet of gas. Contractor A term having a specific meaning in a Production Sharing Agreement. It does not mean free of water, though in some cases it may be. Compressor Station Gas loses pressure as it travels long distances through pipelines.
Diversity Factor The ratio of the sum of the individual maximum demands of several consumers or loads, to their simultaneous maximum demand.
To ensure an even flow, and an adequate pressure at the point of off-take, it must be recompressed at compressor stations, typically located every 60 km to km along onshore transmission pipelines.Gas Concentration Units of Measurement By gdadmin June 17, This is a follow-up to our earlier article on Using Common Sense and Science in Expressing Gas Concentrations, inspired by a real-life adventure of one of our sales engineers.
A vacuum system and a catalytic bead combustible gas sensor were used to calibrate and test an apparatus for measuring the concentration of natural gas. I want to calculate the gas concentration, in ppm, in the closed chamber of volume cm3. I have a cylinder of mixture of NH3 and air with the 10 and 90% ratio respectively.
we are flowing this. 7. Air Monitoring Contents Introduction Measuring Instruments • Laboratory analysis of air samples obtained by gas sampling beg, filter, sorbent, or wet-contaminant collection methods. concentration of a combustible gas or vapor. A filament, usually made of platinum, is heated by.
Did you know that your Internet Explorer Browser is out of date? Your MS Internet Explorer browser is out of date, and will not be fully compatible with our website. For combustible gas detectors, gas concentration is expressed as a volume fraction of combustible gas or vapor in air known as the lower explosive limit (LEL), while for toxic gas detectors, the signal output is read as a percent by volume (% vol.), parts per million by volume (ppm (vol.)), or mass per unit volume.Download